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About this title Synopsis: From inside dust jacket Shipping Terms: Orders usually ship within 2 business days. Add to Wants. Paul Revere has been credited as the designer and engraver of the Massachusetts Pine Tree penny based upon stylistic similarities with a unique "Janus Head" half penny that was discovered with engravings and proofs of Revere's continental currency notes, as well as by comparison of lettering details on the coins with Revere's engraved currency and securities printing plates.
Additional confirmation is in the evidence that the die for the reverse of the penny sank during production--the result of Revere's inexperience as a die-maker. Revere's design for the Pine Tree penny borrowed symbols from local and classical sources. The pine tree alludes both to the Sons of Liberty flag of the Revolutionary era and to earlier Massachusetts pine tree coins.
The goddess of Liberty, freely adapted from the Britannia of English coins, holds aloft the Pileus cap, a symbol since Roman times of freedom from slavery.
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The animal at Liberty's feet is a watchdog--a symbol of vigilance. All of these elements create such an attractive coin that several copies have been made of it. None is from a cast of the actual coin, and all have translated Revere's error--the shift in the coin's reverse plane where the die sank--as a raised line around seated Liberty. After Boston numismatist William Sumner Appleton acquired this coin in , he researched it for a paper he presented to the Massachusetts Historical Society in , pairing it with a unique half penny the "Janus Head" and theorizing that they were patterns for Massachusetts copper coins.
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While there is no mention of a proposal to mint copper coins in the Acts and Resolves of Massachusetts from through , Appleton believed that the existence of New Hampshire copper coins made it a viable assumption that Massachusetts might also have planned to mint coins at that time. Log In. Don't have an account? Sign Up. Update your profile Let us wish you a happy birthday!
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Numismatic Art in America: Aesthetics of the United States Coinage | KSA | Souq
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