However, Frances assures the readers that "[she] arrived at excess of pleasure through excess of pain. But when successive engagements had broke and injured [her], [she] began to enter into the true unalloyed relish of that pleasure of pleasures…What floods of bliss! What melting transports! What agonies of delight! Too fierce, too mighty for nature to sustain!
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Charles, a gentleman, decides to keep her as his mistress; he buys her clothes and instructs her in order to be a lady: He carried me to plays, operas, masquerades, and every diversion of the town; all which pleased me, indeed, but pleased me infinitely the more for his being with me, and explaining everything to me, and enjoying, perhaps, the natural impressions of surprise and admiration, which such sights, at the first, never fail to excite in a country girl, new to the delights of them.
However, when Charles's family finds out about his relationship to Frances, they send him away. Frances, who is left pregnant and penniless, has been destroyed by this news of Charles's disappearance. After miscarriage, the landlady has forced Frances into prostitution to pay for living in her apartment which Charles rented for her.
This phase of indifference does not last long; she admits that "There are not, on earth at least, eternal griefs sic " Thus, she starts to open up and find pleasure in sexual activities. She appreciates being showered by expensive jewelry and clothes by this gentleman who turns out to be Mr. He decides to keep her as his mistress, but he cheats on her with her maid which makes her feel insulted To avenge herself, she cheats on him with his servant, Will and she enjoys doing it, feeling liberated Financially independent, she has left Mr.
H… and had her own apartment: "I was now settled in lodgings of my own, abandoned to my own conduct, and turned loose upon the town, to sink or swim, as I could manage with the current of it" Cleland leads the eighteenth-century readers through the adventures of the country girl who is going to be adopted by Mrs.
Cole who, in turn, teaches Frances the inside out of this profession. He uses aggrandized terms related to other professions to describe the great profession of pleasure. This is clarified in the way Fanny introduces her new proprietress, Mrs. Cole who is not only benign, but also refined as she "dealt only with customers of distinction" Cleland satirizes this profession by describing the proprietress and her girls as "The authors and supporters of this secret institution would, in the height of their humor, style themselves the restorers of the golden age and its simplicity of pleasures, before their innocence became so unjustly branded with the names of guilt and shame" The pimp proudly agrees with Don Quixote: "As for the business of pimping, I cannot deny it, but I never took it to be a criminal function; for my intention was, that all the world should taste the sweets of love, and enjoy each other's society, living together in friendship and peace, free from those griefs and jars that unpeople the earth" Cleland and Cervantes aim at shocking the readers by considering pimping and prostitution as professions that need to be legalized for doing good for the people; this is clarified when Fanny explains that "passing thus from a private devotee into a public one [is] to become a more general good" Cleland describes the seriousness and the meticulousness of Mrs.
Cloe's "academy": As soon as the evening began…the academy opened; the mask of mock- modesty was completely taken off, and all the girls delivered over to their respective calls of pleasure or interest with their men: and none of that sex was promiscuously admitted, but only as Mrs. Cole was previously satisfied of their character and discretion.
In short, this was the safest, politest, and, at the same time, the most thorough house of accommodation in town. This introductory statement is intriguing as Fanny is going to experience some sexual adventures that are best described as being peculiar and unfamiliar. Cole's girls introduce Fanny to a new practice where they enjoy public sexual pleasure. In other words, Emily, Harriet, Louisa and Fanny are going to make love with their partners in turns in front of each other. They are going to be voyeurs and then participants. While describing what happens beyond closed doors has been shocking, having a public sex is beyond expectation.
While readers will expect Fanny to retreat from such a practice, she finds it erotic and appealing. On the contrary, nothing was wanting to soothe, encourage, and soften the sense of their condition to them. Men know not in general how much they destroy of their own pleasure, when they break through the respect and tenderness due to our sex, and even to those of it who live only by pleasing them.
Copy of Fanny Hill dating back to is unearthed at auction house | Daily Mail Online
However, there are yet more adventures that Fanny is going to take the readers to. Cole tells Fanny that she needs to act as bashful as she could to win the heart of a rich gentleman, Mr. Cole misleads him, convincing him that Fanny is a virgin; he swallows the bait, especially that Fanny has spilt some blood that Mrs. Cole has prepared for her: "Convinced, nothing could equal his joy and exultation, the illusion was complete…upon so strong an evidence, [he] redoubled his tenderness for me" She becomes his mistress for a while, but after his death, she returns to "any constitutional calls of pleasure" Cleland portrays how ignorant are some men who fail to differentiate between a maidenhead and a woman.
Cole tells Fanny about Mr. Baville's taste: "that of an ardent desire, not only of being unmercifully whipped himself, but of whipping others", yet she assures Fanny that he pays extravagantly. Cole wonders why a young man has such a peculiar taste which is usually common among old people "for quickening the circulation of their sluggish juices, and determining a conflux of the spirits of pleasure towards those flagging, shrivelly parts, that rise to life only by virtue of those titillating ardors created by the discipline of their opposites, with which they have so surprising a consent" The young man begins by offering apologies to what Fanny is going to be through and she prepares "the instruments of discipline…these were several rods, made each of two or three strong twigs of birch tied together, which he took and viewed with as much pleasure, as I did with a kind of shuddering presage" Then, he asks her to tie his hands and feet to the couch while he kneels down, asking her to lash him on his back Feeling guilty and hesitant, she wants to give up, but he encourages her to proceed and she notices the effect of this process: "that machine of his…grown not only to a prodigious stiffness of erection, but to a size that frighten even [her]" It is now her turn, but he refuses to tie her to give her "liberty to get up whenever [she] found the pain too much for [her]" She does not mind being lashed on her back, but she wonders how she is going to endure when "her tender part…naturally the province of pleasure, not of pain, came for its share of suffering" She tries not to scream or "utter one groan, or angry expostulation; but in heart I resolved nothing so seriously, as never to expose myself again to the like severities" Here, Cleland must have lost his readers who think that Fanny is going to find pleasure in this show of violence.
Surprisingly, Cleland shows how Fanny who has been subjected to violence becomes possessed with it that she yearns for more: "the smart of the lashes was now converted into such a prickly heat, such fiery tingling, as made me sigh, squeeze my thighs together, shift and wriggle about my seat with restlessness" They have another round of discipline and this time, Fanny attains pleasure: "I had now achieved this rare adventure ultimately much more to my satisfaction than I had bespoke the nature of it to turn out" Cole becomes sure that Fanny is "a girl after her own heart, afraid of nothing, and on a good account, hardy enough to fight all the weapons of pleasure through", she does not hesitate this time to recommend her to an elderly gentleman whose obsession entails him to comb "fine tresses of hair" This is the least harmful adventure for Fanny: "he used to come constantly at my toilet hours, when I let down my hair as loose as nature, and abandoned it to him, to do what he pleased with it" This is not his only peculiar habit: "Another peculiarity of taste he had was to present me with a dozen pair of the whitest kid-gloves at a time: these he would divert himself with drawing on me, and then biting off their finger ends" Although she hates this practice where she finds no pleasure, she feels happy in this repose after being so busy for a long time because she has been "the top of the market" However, this repose makes her feel "a secret satisfaction in respecting [her]self" This satisfaction raises some questions: does Cleland mean his narrative to be didactic?
Are the readers going to be preached about the ailment of being a woman of pleasure? Is she going to repent her indulgence in extreme pleasure? Cleland leads the readers to compare Fanny's life to that of the elderly gentleman. Both were born to poor families and poor conditions, but this man chooses to live honestly and to earn his own living: "so that it was from a charity school, that by honesty and industry, he made his way into merchant's competing house…by his talents and activity, he acquired not only a fortune, but an immense one" Cleland elaborates that without common sense, living an extreme life of sexual indulgence is repelling, but at the same time, living a life that is based on science and knowledge is not appealing.
Cleland satirizes the motto of the eighteenth-century's Enlightenment: "Dare to know" Day 1. He challenges the readers by showering them with both regular and peculiar sexual activities to indulge them in knowledge of sex. He even takes them into adventures to a profession that neglects the mind and undermines reason to make them question eroticism. It seems that Rabb poses the same question: "Does a 'poetic of transgression' make it necessary to know the secrets of libertines, prostitutes, polygamists, and rapists, to visit molly houses, brothels, and orgies in order to know what is 'normal'?
Or must desire be more and more hidden and repressed? Cleland aims at rectifying the readers' perception of literature; literature should not imitate life as it is, there must be a space for imagination. For Cleland in order to arrive at this stage: one needs to enjoy the pleasure of sex within the foundation of a family.
After the death of the bachelor elderly, Fanny becomes affluent and independent as he left her his fortune. She, then, starts to think about his last words and she remembers Charles, her first love who has deflowered her. When she decides to re-visit her place of birth, she encounters a storm which forces her to take shelter in an inn where she surprisingly reunites with Charles She recounts the course of her life to him; she offers him her fortune and they get married.
When there seems to be no solution for the two and both are on the brinks of marrying somebody else, a sudden revelation puts everything in order: it turns out that as a baby the heroine was swapped by a nurse and is in fact of a noble birth, a daughter of some lord, which makes it possible for the happy couple to marry.
“Buddhists Like School and I Don’t.”
That is why we hear Fanny explains that her past life of vice is what allows her to appreciate the virtue of having a family: I got snug into port, where, in the bosom of virtue, I gathered the only incorrupt sweets: where, looking back on the course of vice I had run, and comparing its infamous blandishments with the infinitely superior joys of innocence, I could not help pitying, even in point of taste, those who, immersed in gross sensuality, are insensible to the so delicate charms of VIRTUE, than which, even PLEASURE has not s great friend, nor VICE a great enemy. Being aware that critics are going to denounce his novel, attacking it for being bawdy and erotic, Cleland explains that he provides these different practices of fornications to shock the readers.
Fanny sets Mr. C… O… an example; he takes his son to brothels to create in him a natural contempt for vice: "[He] led him by the hand through the most noted bawdy-houses in town, where he took care he should be familiarized with all those scenes of debauchery, so fit to nauseate a good taste. The experiment, you will cry, is dangerous. True, on a fool, but are fools worth much attention? After all, the purpose of satire is to provoke attitudes of contempt and shock which will eventually entail an action; for David Bruce, in his essay, "'A Modest Proposal': A Discussion" , satire is "the literary art of ridiculing a folly or vice in order to expose or correct it.
The object of satire is usually some human frailty; people, institutions, ideas, and things are all fair game for satirists. Satire evokes attitudes of amusement, contempt, scorn, or indignation toward its faulty subject in the hope of somehow improving it" That is to say that Cleland's Fanny Hill is not a didactic novel in the eighteenth-century tradition; however, Cleland wants the readers to think for themselves. In other words, Cleland refutes the claim that literature has to reform or to educate in a didactic way by forcing a dogma of ethics; he rather proves that art is a source of pleasure that may lead to reform.
Conclusion On reading this novel for the first time, I believed that this book has been written by a woman, especially when Fanny describes the pain of being deflowered. However, such a narrative could never be written by a woman in the eighteenth- century otherwise she would risk losing her reputation. Although I read it after more than two centuries since its publication, I experienced it the way Cleland meant it to be.
Shocked and offended have been the first attitudes toward such an overt erotic narrative; nevertheless, the narrative itself is intriguing. The more I read, the more I get nauseated and bored at the repetitive description of the same erotic images. It creates a sense of repulsiveness against the extreme immersion in sex even if it entails pleasure. It is true that it takes the readers to an unfamiliar world full of peculiar adventures, leading the readers step by step to reject these adventures without dictating morality upon them; it is rather the dictates of common sense that make the readers denounce what they are reading.
That is to say that Cleland should be praised as a celebrated eighteenth-century author par excellence instead of being notorious for writing this satirical novel that indulges the readers into extreme pleasure till they suffocate and willingly choose to refute it by listening to reason. The Colonial Rise of the Novel. New York: Routledge, Bruce, David.
If you had to get in tight to help some troops, the slower the aircraft the better.
Apart from his normal duties, Firestone also offered his services for more unique assignments. They would light things up for the ground troops. We took quite a few hits from small arms, but thankfully the bottom of a C was armor plated. But still, hearing bullets hit the undercarriage of your aircraft gave you the willies. Actually, we had one make it through.
It came right up through the floor, real close to our crew chief. I remember being down under a wing that had broken off. Like everybody else, I was just holding my weapon up above my head, up above the wing, firing away.
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Firestone finished his initial assignment in November In , he completed a second tour of duty in Vietnam and returned to the States. I was stationed at NKP in Yes, it was a secret base going to the town along the river mekong brings back memories. I was in the th comm. My destination was never told to me until we landed … It was a rescue base primarily. Actually it was the th Comm Squadron.
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View the web site I host in memory of those who did not return home. I vol. Long time back…but been to Laos on several occasions; even Long Tieng where the old Air America base was.
Check my NKP web site for pictures and what we do today in memory of the guys who did not return home. Lots of aid to kids in there memory through the TLC-Brotherhood. Links and pages in the above site. I just checked out your website. Truly fantastic!
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